Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is critical to the decarbonization of the global energy supply and many essential industrial processes. We need to remove 1.2 Gt (gigatonnes) of CO2 from the atmosphere by 2030, and more than 6.2Gt gigatonne by 2050 to meet global climate reduction targets.
Our flow control equipment finds applications in pre-combustion and post-combustion CCS systems, where carbon dioxide (CO2) is extracted from exhaust gases. Our Copes-Vulcan steam conditioning valves play a safety critical role in generating the heat required to strip impurities from the flue gas. We are also active in direct air capture (DAC), an emerging CCS technique that involves heating calcium carbonate to create CO2 and calcium oxide. Here our proven Copes-Vulcan desuperheater, steam, water, and turbine bypass valves are essential for process control, and improve safety and reliability during boiler start-up.
Once CO2 has been captured, it needs to be compressed into its dense phase and transported, either via a direct pipeline or by dedicated CO2 carriers, to the storage point where it is injected deep underground to disperse within porous layers of rock and sand or in depleted oil and gas fields for EOR applications (EOR Enhanced Oil Recovery). Our pumps and valves are engineered to maintain consistent flow rates and pressures, enabling the reliable transportation of CO2 over extended distances. They are robustly designed to operate reliably in remote locations with minimal intervention, while also reducing the likelihood of fugitive emissions. In addition, our remote pig launchers/receivers and quick-opening Bandlock™2 closures improve pipeline maintenance efficiency, optimizing uptime.